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CEFR Basic User A2: A Comprehensive Overview


Understanding CEFR Basic A2

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is a standardized system used to assess and describe language proficiency across Europe. It provides a comprehensive framework for learning, teaching, and assessing foreign languages. This article focuses on the Basic User A2 level, providing detailed information on the skills and competencies expected at this stage.


What is CEFR Basic A2?

According to the CEFR Global Scale, an A2 Basic user can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance, such as basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, and employment. An A2 user can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a direct exchange of information on familiar matters. They can describe aspects of their background, immediate environment, and areas of immediate need in simple terms.


CEFR Self-Assessment Grid for A2 Level

The self-assessment grid is a tool provided by the CEFR to help learners, teachers, and users identify their proficiency level in various language skills. It covers listening, reading, spoken interaction, spoken production, and writing.



Listening: The user can understand phrases and high-frequency vocabulary related to areas of immediate personal relevance, such as personal and family information, shopping, local area, and employment. They can catch the main point in short, clear, and simple messages and announcements.

Reading: The user can read very short, simple texts. They can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material, such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus, and timetables. They can also understand short, simple personal letters.


Speaking Interaction: The user can communicate in simple and routine tasks that require a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. They can handle very short social exchanges, even though they may not usually understand enough to keep the conversation going independently.

Speaking Production: The user can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms their family and other people, living conditions, educational background, and present or most recent job.


The user can write short, simple notes and messages related to matters in areas of immediate need. They can write a very simple personal letter, such as one thanking someone for something.


Qualitative Aspects of Spoken Language Use at A2 Level

The CEFR also provides qualitative descriptors to assess spoken performances at each proficiency level. Here are the descriptors for an A2 user:

Range: The user uses basic sentence patterns with memorized phrases, groups of a few words, and formulae to communicate limited information in simple everyday situations.

Accuracy: The user can use some simple structures correctly but still makes basic mistakes systematically.

Fluency: The user can make themselves understood in very short utterances, although pauses, false starts, and reformulation are very evident.

Interaction: The user can answer questions and respond to simple statements. They can indicate when they are following but are rarely able to keep the conversation going on their own.

Coherence: The user can link groups of words with simple connectors like “and,” “but,” and “because.”


Achieve Your Language Learning Goals

When teaching, whether it’s Romanian or Spanish, in group lessons or private modules, we always follow the standards given by CEFR.

Now that you know more about your goals in relation to the CEFR standard, join our Romanian lessons to ensure you follow a well-structured and coherent learning plan. We are confident that you will be more than satisfied with your results.



  1. CEFR Level Descriptions
  2. CEFR Global Scale
  3. CEFR Self-Assessment Grid
  4. Qualitative Aspects of Spoken Language Use

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